June 17

Any Effective Solution to Crime will Require Re-Socialization of Behaviours – Dr. Phillips

first_imgAny Effective Solution to Crime will Require Re-Socialization of Behaviours – Dr. Phillips UncategorizedMay 15, 2007 RelatedAny Effective Solution to Crime will Require Re-Socialization of Behaviours – Dr. Phillips RelatedAny Effective Solution to Crime will Require Re-Socialization of Behaviours – Dr. Phillips RelatedAny Effective Solution to Crime will Require Re-Socialization of Behaviours – Dr. Phillipscenter_img FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail Minister of National Security, Dr. Peter Phillips, has said that any effective solution to crime and violence will require the re-socialization of behaviours and transformation of values and attitudes of those in communities beset by violence and disorder.He was speaking at the graduation ceremony for 138 participants in the Citizen Security and Justice Programme (CSJP) and the National Youth Service’s Micro Entrepreneurial Corps, held last Friday (May 11) at the Waterfalls in Kingston.He noted that to return some normalcy to communities being overrun by gangs and criminality, the security forces will have to redouble their efforts to treat every citizen with respect. “Unless the security forces and the people on a whole operate as one, it will not be possible to isolate the criminals and return peaceful behaviour to the communities,” he argued.According to Dr. Phillips, many of the residents of troubled communities, particularly the young, feel that they have been abandoned and failed by the society and have a sense of alienation, because of the absence of moral example from the wider society. The solution, he said, must start with removing the alienation, and helping to build self esteem among young people.Pointing out that effort must be made to try to remedy some of the failings of institutions, which have not delivered to the satisfaction of some young people, he called on the business community to start re-investing in inner city areas, so that jobs can be available to young people.“The business community also has to accept the challenge not to discriminate against people because of their address,” he said, noting that everyone must be given a fair chance to demonstrate their skills and talents.He stated further that the public sector has a responsibility to deliver social services effectively, and to recognize its role in helping to build the self respect of people living in depressed communities, while non-governmental organizations can also do more to help revive cultural life and develop opportunities.In the meantime, Dr. Phillips encouraged the graduates to take responsibility for their own development, even as the wider society accepts the challenge of helping to transform their lives. “Take personal responsibility not to start a family before you are ready, to avoid drugs and the effects they will have on the mind.personal responsibility to develop the mind and be the best you can be,” the Security Minister urged.The CSJP was introduced in 2001 and is regarded as one of the most innovative and integrated projects being implemented in Jamaica to deal with crime and security challenges.The programme is being administered by the Ministry of National Security, and has so far made significant strides in transforming the social and economic well-being of residents in a number of inner-city communities.It is funded by the Government and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) at a cost of $20 million. Advertisementslast_img read more

September 28

Carbon efficiency must be addressed

SUSTAINABILITY: Despite the impact of railway construction projects in terms of carbon emissions, new lines still offer significant advantages in terms of long-term sustainability where there is sufficient traffic. But the carbon impact of materials and working methods needs to be optimised in the planning of future projects.,The European Union has set its member states a challenge to cut carbon emissions by 20% over the next decade. Rail is increasingly being seen as a weapon in the fight against climate change, but what is the true environmental impact of railway construction?In France, the question of climate change was energised by an extensive public debate in 2008 about sustainability policy options – the Grenelle d’Environnement. This resulted in two packages of legislation and some ambitious plans for modernising and expanding the country’s rail network. As part of its response, RFF began to evaluate how rail investment can best support wider sustainability objectives such as saving energy and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Over the past few years we have seen a growing demand from the public for hard figures about the environmental impact of railways. One of the biggest unknowns was the carbon emissions produced by construction works, which we suspected could represent a significant part of rail’s life-cycle carbon footprint. With several high speed line projects in the government’s investment strategy, we had an obvious place to start. The 140 km LGV Rhin-Rhône in Burgundy and Franche-Comté, which is due to open at the end of 2011, gave us a pilot project where we could monitor the carbon emissions for a major project through its entire life cycle. In 2009 we undertook our first global carbon assessment, based on the method­ology and guidelines provided by the French Environment & Energy Management Agency (Ademe). The tools we have developed are intended to provide facts and figures to support two main areas of decision-making: 1. Setting strategic options for network management and development. We want to be able to rank the impact of any particular project using a ‘carbon efficiency indicator’, calculating the quantity of carbon emitted or saved during the project life-cycle for each euro invested. 2. Enhancing the quality of projects. We have established initial guidelines for minimising carbon emissions and the environmental impact during the design and construction of rail infrastructure, and we are now planning to extend this work to take account of train operations and maintenance. As it is not practical to measure greenhouse gas emissions directly, we assess the amount of activity in each area (earthmoving, quantities of materials, transport costs, and so on) and translate them into carbon equivalents using standard values. These are based on pre-calculated ’emission factors’, which can be determined for each product or activity in accordance with ISO 14040. Our first global assessment of LGV Rhin-Rhône estimated the greenhouse gas emissions for the construction phase at about 2000 tonnes of carbon equivalent per route-km. The main contributors are earth moving and soil processing, steel and concrete construction of bridges and tunnels, deforestation, and organisation of the works. In life-cycle terms, the carbon emissions from construction are balanced by the savings which can be expected through modal shift from air and road to rail over the first 10 to 12 years of operation for this project. But sufficient traffic must use the route to ensure a positive carbon ‘bottom line’. As the infrastructure has been built for a life of more than 50 years, we are clear that the long-term sustainability benefits will be substantial. Including the emissions due to construction in the carbon balance sheet does not outweigh the environmental advantages of high speed rail. Our findings raise some interesting questions about optimising the environmental and economic impact of a project. A full carbon-efficiency action plan should look at work schedules, selection of engineering methods and building materials, as well as the management and organisation of the processes. Paying more attention to such aspects in the guidelines could deliver a 10% to 15% cut in equivalent carbon emissions without major changes to the nature of a project. RFF is continuing to strengthen its commitment to take full account of carbon impact in future investment projects. We are undertaking full-scale experiments with low-carbon infrastructure elements, and researching how our design processes can be modified to incor­porate carbon-saving practices.Sébastien Gourgouillat is Head of Performance & Sustainability in the Strategy Department at Réseau Ferré de France. He was previously Transport & Commercial Attaché at the French embassy in Washington DC, and also worked as a project manager in road and rail at the French transport ministry.He will be discussing RFF’s work on sustainability at the Railways & Environment conference being organised by Europoint and Delft University of Technology on December 16-17. For details visit www.railways-environment.com read more